The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …
What are mega biodiversity countries?
The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species.
In alphabetical order, the 17 megadiverse countries are:
- Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Which country has the most biodiversity in the world?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
What are the top 10 most biodiverse countries?
Top 10 countries in biodiversity
- South Africa.
- United States.
What is the name for the 17 countries that collectively hold more than 70% of the global biodiversity?
The megadiverse countries are a group of nations that contains more than 70% of the earth’s bio-diversity, identified in 1998 by Conservation International (CI), to promote the awareness for biodiversity conservation among the world nations.
How many mega biodiversity are there in India?
India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animals” according to the UN. It is the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world.
Is India a mega diversity country?
India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
Why India called mega diversity country?
The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.
Why India is a mega biodiversity country?
Biogeographically, India is situated at the tri-junction of three realms – Afro-tropical, Indo-Malayan and Paleo-Arctic realms, and therefore, has characteristic elements from each of them. This assemblage of three distinct realms makes the country rich and unique in biological diversity.
Which country has more than 5 of the world’s biodiversity?
In terms of percentages, Papua New Guinea comprises less than one percent of the earth’s land, yet it hosts five percent of the world’s different forms of plant and animal life. Its biodiversity is a confluence of the neighboring countries of Indonesia, New Zealand, and Australia.
What is the most biodiverse country in Europe?
Italy has the highest level of faunal biodiversity in Europe, with over 57,000 species recorded, representing more than a third of all European fauna.
What is the least biodiverse country on earth?
A new analysis looking into how much biodiversity is left in different countries around the world has shown that the UK has some of the lowest amounts of biodiversity remaining.
Which country has the highest biodiversity in Asia?
In Asia, the countries with the greatest biodiversity are China, India, Indonesia, Philippines and Malaysia. South Africa, Madagascar and the Democratic Republic of Congo are the most biodiverse nations of the African continent.
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What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
Which country is not a mega biodiversity Centre?
These are Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, United States and Venezuela.
What is Philippine biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.