Solid waste is toxic and contains a greater variety of pathogenic microorganisms than does sewage sludge. Of all the procedures for solid waste disposal, landfills have and will continue to give rise to serious public health problems of land and water pollution.
How does solid waste lead to health hazards?
Direct handling of solid waste can result in various types of infectious and chronic diseases with the waste workers and the rag pickers being the most vulnerable. … Uncollected solid waste can also obstruct storm water runoff, resulting in the forming of stagnant water bodies that become the breeding ground of disease.
What are health hazards of waste?
Health-care waste contains potentially harmful microorganisms that can infect hospital patients, health workers and the general public. Other potential hazards may include drug-resistant microorganisms which spread from health facilities into the environment.
What is the cause of solid waste?
Causes of solid waste pollution are many. … These wastes come from various places such as schools, office complexes, industrial establishments, construction and demolition activities. One of the major causes of solid waste pollution can be attributed to various industries that manufacture numerous products.
How does waste affect people’s health and the environment?
Improper solid waste dumps are spreading different diseases in the study area. … An inefficient municipal solid waste management system may create serious negative environmental impacts like infectious diseases, land and water pollution, obstruction of drains and loss of biodiversity.
What are the effects of waste on human health and environment?
The more emissions that we produce due to how much trash we generate, affects us long term. One can develop diseases such as asthma, birth defects, cancer, cardiovascular disease, childhood cancer, COPD, infectious diseases, low birth weight, and preterm delivery.
What is healthcare waste?
Generally, medical waste is healthcare waste that that may be contaminated by blood, body fluids or other potentially infectious materials and is often referred to as regulated medical waste.
What is meant by hazardous waste?
Hazardous waste is a waste that contains organic or inorganic elements or compounds that may, owing to the inherent physical, chemical or toxicological properties of that waste, have a detrimental impact on health or the environment.
What do you mean by hazardous waste discuss health effects of hazardous waste?
Hazardous wastes are wastes with properties that make them dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment. Hazardous wastes can be liquids, solids, contained gases, or sludges.
What is solid waste problem?
Disposal of municipal solid waste. One of the major environmental problems is the collection, management and disposal of the MSW in the urban areas. Lack of MSW management and disposal is leading to significant environmental problems. This includes soil, air water, and aesthetic pollution.
What is meant by solid waste?
RCRA states that “solid waste” means any garbage or refuse, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities.
What are hazardous waste examples?
Some examples of hazardous wastes you may find around your house include(1):
- brake fluid.
- chemical strippers.
- chlorine bleach.
- contact cement.
- drain cleaners.
- fire extinguishers.