What is the role of biodiversity and why should it be preserved?

Biodiversity is the key indicator of the health of an ecosystem. A wide variety of species will cope better with threats than a limited number of them in large populations. Even if certain species are affected by pollution, climate change or human activities, the ecosystem as a whole may adapt and survive.

What is the role of biodiversity?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

What is preservation in biodiversity?

They are also “conscious of the importance of biological diversity for evolution and for maintaining life sustaining systems of the biosphere” (UN 1992: 1). … A question that arises in discussions of how best to preserve the diversity of life concerns how biodiversity is to be measured.

What can be done to preserve biodiversity?

10 Ways to Protect and Conserve Biodiversity

  • Government legislation.
  • Nature preserves.
  • Reducing invasive species.
  • Habitat restoration.
  • Captive breeding and seed banks.
  • Research.
  • Reduce climate change.
  • Purchase sustainable products.

What is the importance of preservation and conservation of biodiversity and environment?

Biodiversity conservation protects plant, animal, microbial and genetic resources for food production, agriculture, and ecosystem functions such as fertilizing the soil, recycling nutrients, regulating pests and disease, controlling erosion, and pollinating crops and trees.

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Why is it important to preserve biodiversity quizlet?

Biodiversity is important because it provides us with Natural Resources (Food, Water, Wood, etc.) … What are the most significant threats to biodiversity? Pollution, Habitat Fragmentation, Habitat loss, Overhunting/Harvesting, Exotic Species, Greenhouse effect.

What is meant by preservation?

: the act, process, or result of preserving something: such as. a : the activity or process of keeping something valued alive, intact, or free from damage or decay preservation of state parks/monuments preservation of an old tradition The special emphasis of recent years on preservation continued in 1988.

How can you protect and preserve an ecosystem?

How to Protect the Ecosystem

  1. Conservation Practices to Save the Ecosystem. There are no strict lines on where an ecosystem starts and ends. …
  2. Conserve Energy. …
  3. Make Smart Food Choices. …
  4. Start Composting. …
  5. Try Eco-friendly Products. …
  6. Environmentally Friendly Packaging. …
  7. Recycle to Lower Waste. …
  8. Upcycling Into New Goods.

How can we conserve biodiversity 12?

Biodiversity can be conserved by In Situ and Ex Situ conservation.

  1. Biodiversity-rich regions are legally protected as biosphere reserves, national parks and sanctuaries.
  2. India now has 14 biosphere reserves, 90 national parks and 448 wildlife sanctuaries.