India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
Why is India known as biodiversity?
India is known for its rich heritage of biological diversity, having already documented more than 91,000 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its 10 biogeographical regions. Almost 6,500 native plants are still widely used in indigenous health care systems.
What do you know about India as a mega diversity nation?
India is known for its rich heritage of Biological diversity, having already documented over 91,000 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its 10 biogeographic regions. … India a mega diversity country with only 2.4% of the land area of the world, but accounts for 7.8% of the recorded species of the world.
What is the position of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
What do you mean by biodiversity India is a country of vast biodiversity explain?
India is a land full biodiversity and resources that exist due to the physical diversity of landforms. Explanation: Biodiversity is the diversity of biological life forms and it found in the biosphere and is said to be found most diverse in the tropics and the subtropics.
Why India is country of biodiversity class 9?
The various climatic and relief factors have contributed to its diversity. India is rich in biodiversity it is one of the twelve mega bio-diverse countries of the world. … India also has many species of non-flowering plants. Besides its floral diversity, India is also home to about 90,000 other species of animals.
Why India is considered as one of the richest biodiversity in the world?
Answer: The Himalayas which form the northern shield is rich in flora and fauna, while on the other hand in the Western Ghats biodiversity is present at its full bloom. The innumerable kinds of species both animals and plants had made India a rich nation in terms of bio diversity.
Which country has the best biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
How many biodiversity are there in India?
Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is terrestrial biodiversity?
terrestrial biodiversity refers to animals, plants and micro-organisms that live on land, and also land habitats, such as forests, deserts and wetlands.