It has two of the 25 identified biodiversity centres termed as hot spots, viz., Eastern Himalaya and Western Ghats. Hot spots are extremely rich in species and have high degree of endemism. They are under constant threat of loss of biodiversity, thus, need immediate conservation and protection.
What are the salient features of biodiversity?
The salient features of the Biological Diversity Act are as follows.
- Regulation of access to biological resources of the country.
- Conservation and sustainability of biological diversity.
- Protecting the knowledge of local communities regarding biodiversity.
What are the salient features of hotspot of biodiversity?
What are biodiversity hotspots? To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.
What are the salient features of Indian Biological Diversity Act, 2002?
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002. The act was enacted in 2002, it aims at the conservation of biological resources, managing its sustainable use and enabling fair and equitable sharing benefits arising out of the use and knowledge of biological resources with the local communities.
What is the uniqueness of Indian biodiversity?
India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
What are hotspots of biodiversity which are the hotspots found in India discuss their salient features?
Some of these biodiversity hotspots are present in India which includes:
- The Western Ghats. These hills are present along the western edge of peninsular India. …
- The Himalayas. This region comprises Bhutan, Northeast India, and Southern, Central and Eastern Nepal. …
- Indo-Burma Region. …
What is Biodiversity Act in India?
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 is an Act enacted by the Parliament of India for the preservation of biological diversity in India, and provides mechanism for equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of traditional biological resources and knowledge.
What are the biodiversity hotspots in India?
India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
How many biodiversity are there in India?
Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
Which is the most prevalent hotspots of biodiversity in India?
the Western Ghat is one of the most prevalent hotspot biodiversity of India. Explanation: This is because there is large number of forest in the Western Ghat which supports the growth of white number of creatures.
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What are the three kinds of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
What are the main objectives of the Biodiversity Act 2002?
The purpose of the Biodiversity Act is to realize equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources and associated knowledge. The main objectives of the Act are conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing out of the utilization of bioresources.
What is biodiversity What is its usefulness describe biodiversity of India?
Biodiversity describes the richness and variety of life on earth. It is the most complex and important feature of our planet. Without biodiversity, life would not sustain. The term biodiversity was coined in 1985. It is important in natural as well as artificial ecosystems.
What are different types of biodiversity in India?
Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).
- Genetic Diversity. …
- Species Diversity. …
- Ecological Diversity. …
- Biodiversity Agreements. …
- Human Impact. …