Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains.
How do mountains affect the climate?
Mountains can also affect precipitation. Mountains and mountain ranges can cast a rain shadow. As winds rise up the windward side of a mountain range, the air cools and precipitation falls. On the other side of the range, the leeward side, the air is dry, and it sinks.
How do valleys affect climate?
Interesting weather features can occur in the valley. Since a river or stream often flows through a valley, this increases the moisture. This combined with cooler temperatures at night can result in valley fog and clouds. If an inversion is in place, the fog, clouds and/or smog can persist in the valley during the day.
How do mountains affect climate quizlet?
How do mountains affect climate? The higher you are on mountains the more altitude there is and more altitude means that it will be colder. Mountains also receive more rainfall.
Why mountain make their own climate?
How mountains make their own climate? Because of their height, mountains act as water towers, diverting air masses and forcing them to rise, cool and fall as rain or snow.
Why do mountains and plains experience different weather?
This happens because as altitude increases, air becomes thinner and is less able to absorb and retain heat. The cooler the temperature the less evaporation there is, meaning that there is more moisture in the air. Air pressure decreases with altitude.
What is a valley climate?
Valley climates are influenced by three natural factors: aspect (the direction in which the slope faces), tertiary winds (local winds) and temperature inversions (caused by the cold air collected at the bottom of the valley).
How do the Appalachian mountains affect climate?
The basic way mountains affect weather is that they force air to rise higher and quicker than it would over a level area of land. More air is cooled to the point where moisture is condensed, and consequently, more rain is produced.
What two factors affect climate most?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.
How does higher altitude affect climate quizlet?
Locations at a higher altitude, point above sea/ground level,have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. It gets colder because the air becomes thinner and is less able to absorb and retain heat.
How do mountains influence climate quizlet plate tectonics?
Earthquakes and volcanoes are caused by the movement of tectonic plates. … Subduction zones are formed at convergent boundaries when tectonic plates collide. Explain how mountains influence climate. Mountains affect rainfall by creating a rain shadow downwind of the mountain.
Why are mountains important to the environment?
Mountains are the world’s “water towers,” providing 60-80% of all freshwater resources for our planet. At least half of the world’s population depends on mountain ecosystem services to survive – not only water but also food and clean energy.
How does topography affect climate?
The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.